MODULE I

Lifestyle

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Students' views on lifestyle
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MODULE II


Students articles on sports history


Jousting

 

        The origins of jousting are not very clearly known but we do have some facts about it. We do not exactly know who invented the game itself or for what purpose but we do know that the first written guidelines for jousting were written by a Frenchman named Geoffroide Purelliin 1066. Later on the game began a way for knights/chevaliers to prove their skills or experience the thrill of battle and war without all the disadvantages of real war like dirtiness, flies, all sorts of illnesses, etc.


                The object of the game is, of course, to win. To win you need to knock the opponent off his horse or earn as many points as possible. The rules of the game are quite simple – two knights on horses charge at each other from opposite tracks with a lance and shield raised trying to knock each other off their horse. This is done up to 4 times. But to participate in this sport you will need a lot of money with which you will need to buy a few wooden lances, a racehorse, plate armorand a lot of training.

                When jousting just started only knights really participated in jousting tournaments because then it was just a way of training for war. Later on it became a sort of show-off show for knights and a way to gain fame and money without the risk of war. By the 14th century, though, many members of the nobility, including kings, picked up jousting to show off their courage and skill as a knight. The most famous and known king and jouster was King Henry VIII whose  jousting career ended by the age of 44 when a horse fell on his legs after a joust and would leave him with heavy wounds for the rest of his life.

                Even though jousting was extremely popular for a few centuries, its  popularity declined extremely quickly once fire arms and muskets were invented. By then jousting had become a sort of theatre where it was not  a brutal fight between two chevaliers but a court spectacle with choreographed routines.

 

Folk football

Folk football, also known as mob football, originated in the 11th-12th century. Thanks to the Romans, the people of Britain got their hands on a ball and with time simple ball kicking turned into a well known game by the name of folk football. Nowadays this game has evolved into the football we play in Latvia.


Mob football was a very simple to learn game. The aim was to get the ball inside the opposite team’s goal. The rules were very little. This fact often lead to people getting injuries and it was the cause for a lot of property damage. The name mob football is very fitting for what it was. Too many participants and too little rules. Even when rules were so little they would still vary depending on where you played. The goals could be hundreds of meters apart or even several kilometers. The ball could be kicked, carried, punched or thrown. Only by the end of 15th century proper rules were made.


The game was very popular and, you could say, anyone, who had their hands on a ball, played it in every break they had. All the youth would play it. For example, 2 schools would play against each other on breaks. Sometimes even whole neighborhoods would go against each other.

Nowadays you can experience something similar to folk football in The Royal Ashbourne games. The 2 teams consist of people born in the north and people born in the south. The rules are very simple. You are prohibited to using violence, motorized vehicles and you can’t play the game in places like the cemetery, church and town memorials. In order to score a point, you need to tap the ball three times inside the enemy goal and the game can’t be played after 10pm. The goals are 2 cornmills and are 3 miles apart.

In Latvia we don’t have mob football. Latvia was not introduced to a sport like mob football, but instead we are more known with sports like hockey and basketball, which are our national sports. The Latvian national football team was founded in 1921 and only in the recent years football has started becoming more popular.

Football is definitely expanding as a sport in Latvia – more and more people are interested in it. In my opinion, if more people worldwide were informed about folk football, it would definitely be adopted in more countries.

 

 

                Golf

 

We don’t really know who invented golf but we know it was first mentioned in 1457 by James II of Scotland. He banned gold and soccer because his archers were too busy with playing it and didn’t practice on their primary task enough. Also the next two kings, James III and James IV reissued ban on golf. 

 

Rules for golf as we know it now were developed only at 1744 in Edinburgh. The game was invented just for fun, no particular reason, at start it was just a competition who can get ball from point A to point B with less swings than the others.

 

The object of the game is pretty simple. Whoever completes the course of golf with doing less shots than the others is the winner of a game. Golf is one of the sports where equipment is extremely important, a lot of golfers say that they are as good as their clubs. You need a set of golf clubs which are used depending on the range and terrain of your shot and golf balls. Those are primary needs to play golf, pro players use some more accessories when they play though, for example, they use specialized little cars to drive around the golf course to not exhaust themselves on walking. Golf is not a team sport so you do not need any players for your team, you can even play it alone all day and compete with your own scores! You score by hitting the golf ball in a little hole in the ground – your score is the number of shots you take to hit it in plus penalties you may acquire. Basic steps of playing golf would be you having to complete 18 different courses, nothing more. Just hit the ball and do it as efficiently as possible. Most important rules are never to move the ball by your own unless you hit it with your golf club. The only exceptions are if you hit the ball in water or out of course – you will need a new ball then and you will receive a penalty for your fails.

 

There is one important golf cup – PGA tour. It consists of more than 50 events for which there are given points accordingly to your place. In the end winner is whoever has more points in the cup.

 

The most notable player of recent decades is a man we all know – Tiger Woods.

 

                Golf in Latvia was first established in 1940 but you couldn’t play it in the Soviet years. In 1989 golf was again back on track in Latvia. Today in Latvia there are more than thousand active golf players.

 

 ICE HOCKEY

 

 Hockey has been played in some form or other for 100s of years. It is thought to be 1 of the earliest sports in the world, and was played by the ancient Greeks, Egyptians, Persians, Romans, and Arabs. The modern game was invented in the mid-1850´s by British soldiers based in Canada. Rules were set by students at McGill University in Montréal, Canada, in 1879. The NHL is the most important league in the world; this National Hockey League comprises teams from the United States and Canada, but for many years almost all NHL players Canadians. The winning team of this competition is awarded the Stanley Cup trophy. Ice Hockey became an Olympic sport in 1920 and is 1 of the most popular events at the Winter Olympics.

The world's greatest and most exciting game is easy to follow once you know a few basic rules and practices.

• The basic object of hockey is to place the puck in the opponents' goal. In achieving this objective, players can't touch the puck with their hands; they must use their sticks.

• Ice hockey is played on an ice surface called a "rink."  

• Each game consists of 3 x 20 minute periods, and there is a 15-minute break between the periods.

• Each team can have a maximum squad of 18 players, with 2 'apprentices'. 

Only 6 players from each team can be on the ice at any time, however players can swap as often as they want (usually every few minutes).

• Players and the puck can go anywhere on and over the ice surface. The puck is deemed out of play if it goes over the glass or if the referee loses sight of it, usually behind a player's skate against the boards. 

• A goal is scored when the whole of the puck completely crosses the goal line. The goal judge who sits behind the goal puts on a red light to signal the goal but the referee signals whether it is a goal, by pointing to the goal, or a washout by spreading his arms wide. A goal can be scored if the puck is deflected off another player or a skate, but cannot be deliberately kicked in, or deflected off a referee or linesman.

• Rough contact, which could cause injury, is covered by various rules. Players who break the rules may be penalised, they are sent to the penalty box for 2 or more minutes, leaving their team short of a player.

 

 

In addition to a rink with goals, the following equipment is needed to play a traditional game of ice hockey:

Puck                                            

 

The puck is black and made of vulcanized rubber.  It measures 3" in diameter, is 1" thick, and weighs between 5.5-6 ounces.

Hockey Sticks

Each player needs a hockey stick in order to retrieve, control, carry, pass, and shoot the puck. The handle of the stick measures about 4-5' and the blade is a little over 12" long.

Ice Skates 

Ice Skates are an accessory that improve a player's movement control on all forms of ice.The player accelerates faster, slides shorter distances, and will no longer cause thin ice to break when landing from falls or jumps.

Protective equipment

Jerseys, gloves, helmets,  pants, socks-players need protective shoulder, elbow, and shin pads that they wear under their uniforms.They also wear heavy protective gloves and headgear.

Goalkeeper's Equipment 

In addition to the protective equipment worn by all skaters, the goalkeeper needs a chest protector, face mask, and leg guards.

 Latvia is a small country with only two million people, but it has so many successful sportsman in various sports fields. While Latvians were the first European basketball champions and Latvian football team has once participated in European Final, undoubtedly the Latvian Ice Hockey team has made the most effort in Latvian team sports. Although no medals has yet not been won, Latvia has been member of Hockey world Elite for past 10 years. There was great victories and great defeats, but hockey has always been the most popular sports event in Latvia. Every May when Hockey championship starts thousands of Latvian hockey fans travel to see the games and even more are counting on victory at home.

 Latvia had its own hockey team before the WWII. The scores were average – 6 victories, 16 losses and 4 draws. 37 goals and 93 allowed goals. With fifteen years of participation Latvia entered 19th place in world rating. After the soviet occupation and the war, the new emerging soviet hockey entered Latvia. Because of great achievements of Soviet hockey team hockey became popular in local level. Hockey schools and ice skate rigs were built. Riga entered the Soviet hockey map when Riga Dimano hockey team entered the main soviet hockey league in 1946. A hockey arena Sports Palace became the center of Latvian hockey team. Many Latvian hockey stars like Helmūts Balderis, Vitalijs Samoilovs, Arturs Irbe and others played there and entered the Soviet hockey team. However, because of lack of Latvian local players large influx of Russia born players were sent to Riga. One of them was Olegs Znaroks, the future team captain and coach.

 Latvia returned to the worldwide hockey arena in 1992. when Soviet Union collapsed. Until then local hockey industry relayed on Moscow support, now they up to themselves. Riga Dinamo was disbanded because its former owner the Soviet Ministry of Interior was no longer in power. New club Pārdaugava was formed, also the Latvian Hockey Federation was made to bring Latvia back to hockey. On 7, May 1992. Latvia joined the International Ice Hockey Federation (IIHF). As the borders were open many local players moved to play in foreign clubs.

The first coach of the Latvian national hockey team was Helmūts Balderis a veteran hockey star, that even played in NHL Minnesota North Stars and won many gold medals under the Red banner. To enter the hockey elite Latvia had to play from the start. First games were against Estonia and Lithuania. They had to be won so Latvia could participate in C pool tournament. With Helmūts Balderis as the coach and the player on ice Latvia won both games.

The team is currently ranked 10th in the world by IIHF as of 2015. The team is controlled by the Latvian Ice Hockey Federation. Their best ever finish at the World Championships was 7th place in 1997, 2004 and 2009. In 2014 World Championship team finished 11th. Latvia reached quarterfinals at the 2014 Winter Olympics losing 1–2 to Canada. Latvia has 4,271 players (0.21% of its population).

 

 

 

 

Module III


Poems

Be yourself,

No matter what happens,

Respect and accept yourself

The way you are.    

 

One of the most sincere forms

Of respect is actually

Listening to what another

Has to say

 

Just because one doesn’t like you

Doesn’t mean others won’t

You are the one that matters

Respect yourself

 

Understanding is the

First step to acceptance,

And only with acceptance

 

There can be recovery

 

I don’t care if you like or dislike

Just, please, treat me alike

Respect me like a normal human being

That’s all I’m seeking.

 

We all are special,

Each of us – an angel,

So accept everyone

All seven billion.

 

He’s weird to you

To someone else – the special snowflake

Like Vinnie the Pooh to us

Our childhood heartbreak

 

Respect the differences,

Not everyone is born with aces,

Put on reality glasses,

Let’s not become judges.

 

 

Who is respectable?
It's not mandatory to have gray hair
You might call me skeptical,
But our age and respect we should'nt compare.

At first, respect yourself
Then others might do the same
Everyone needs to prove oneself
Life is a bit like a computer game.

 

 


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TIPS FOR IMPROVING SELF-CONFIDENCE

To improve your self-confidence in sports you should :

·         Analyze your situation and ask yourself why you lack confidence.

·         Get to the root of the problem, that often can help to solve it.

·         Improve your physical fitness.

·         Work on your strength, endurance and ability.

·         Practice, practice and then practice some more.

·         Put in extra time going over the skills you need for your sport until you feel confident within each play or strategy.

·         Imagine yourself succeeding in your sport.

·         Create a positive word or short phrase that you can say to yourself whenever you have feeling of doubt.

·         Find a training partner who can help you remind you of your abilities.

·         You should choose that kind of sport that you like and would enjoy playing it

·         You should improve physical fitness.

·         Don’t try to be perfect.

·         Play for yourself, not others.

·         Make no comparisons.

 

 


Student drawings

MODULE IV


Guidelines from students

Do not cheat

 

• Cheating in sports is the intentional breaking of rules in order to obtain an advantage over the other team or players.  Where did fair play go? 

• You should not cheat because you disrespect yourself and your ability to do something.

• If you cheat you disrespect your opponent/s and that means you disrespect your sport.

• Fair play may make you lose, but it will show what you need to improve to get better so it’s not all about winning.

• In snooker during the main tour every player that makes a mistake arbitrarily confesses that he did make a mistake even if he is going to lose a match, because every snooker player wants to win only because he can, not because he cheated. That’s a good example of fair play.

• Remember that truth always wins and you will get caught cheating sooner or later and that may cause disqualification or a fine.

• If your sport fans, friends or family find out that you are cheating they might turn off you and you will be alone. 

• Any cheating, not only in sports, shows you that you cannot do something that others can and that just shows your inability to do it. Think about that.

 

 



MODULE V


Articles

Doping in Sport

 

 

What is doping?

Doping means athletes taking illegal substances to improve their performances. That also refers to an athlete's use of prohibited drugs or methods to improve training and sporting results. Steroids are the drugs that often come to mind when we talk about doping, but doping also includes an athlete's use of other forbidden drugs (such as stimulants, hormones, diuretics, narcotics and marijuana), use of forbidden methods(such as blood transfusions or gene doping), and even the refusal to take a drug test or an attempt to tamper with doping controls.The use of stimulants and strength-building substances in sport is held to date back as far as Ancient Greece, but it was during the 1920s that restrictions about drug use in sport were first thought necessary. In 1928 the International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF) - athletics' world governing body - became the first international sports federation to ban doping.

 

Methods used in doping

 

·         Blood boosters

a substance (such as recombinant erythropoietin) that increases the oxygen-carrying capacity of blood so as to temporarily improve athletic performance

·         Diuretics

sometimes called water pills, help rid your body of salt (sodium) and water. Most work by making your kidneys release more sodium into your urine. The sodium then takes water with it from your blood. That decreases the amount of fluid flowing through your blood vessels, which reduces pressure on your vessel walls.

·         Lean mass builders

are used by athletes to increase the growth of muscle and lean body mass, to reduce recovery time after an injury, and are sometimes used to reduce body fat.

·         Masking drugs

compounds that are taken with the purpose of hiding or "masking" the presence of specific illegal drugs that are screened for doping testing. Masking agents have the potential to impair or conceal the banned substance in the urine. Diuretics can be regarded as "masking" agents due to the dilution of the urine, which results in lower levels of the banned substance being excreted from the body.

·         Painkillers

powerful drugs that interfere with the nervous system’s transmission of the nerve signals which are perceived as pain. Most painkillers also stimulate portions of the brain associated with pleasure. Thus, in addition to blocking pain, they produce a “high.”

·         Sedatives

a wide variety of drugs with different mechanisms of action that can induce depression of the central nervous system (CNS). In the first part of the 20th century, the pharmacotherapy of anxiety and insomnia relied on barbiturates, which were replaced with benzodiazepines as drugs of choice in the second part of the previous century.

 

·         Stimulants

increase alertness, attention, and energy, as well as elevate blood pressure, heart rate, and respiration. Stimulants historically were used to treat asthma and other respiratory problems, obesity, neurological disorders, and a variety of other ailments.

·         Gene doping

intentional spin-off of gene therapy in which, doctors add or modify genes to prevent or treat illness. Gene doping would apply the same techniques to enhancing someone who is healthy.

·         Blood doping

illicit method of improving athletic performance by artificially boosting the blood's ability to bring more oxygen to muscles.In many cases, blood doping increases the amount of hemoglobin in the bloodstream.

 

 

 

Biggest sports doping scandals

 

Lance Armstrong

The quintessential scandal, Lance Armstrong's miraculous recovery from testicular cancer to “tour de force” performances in the Tour De France were overshadowed by his constant battle with doping allegations – even under oath. But the secret finally came out, leaving Armstrong stripped of his titles. He's now become ubiquitous when sporting cheats are mentioned and has left us with a retroactively painful cameo in Dodgeball.

Ben Johnson & the Seoul 1988 Olympics

Johnson's victory in the Seoul Olympics was a proud moment for Canada before six of the eight 100-metre finalists in that race were found to have taken anabolic steroids. Dubbed the "dirtiest race in history" for precisely this reason, Johnson's coach later admitted all his athletes took steroids. An institutional pattern was beginning to emerge.

Jose Canseco

Famous baseball player Canseco was a naturally powerful man, allowing him to tally-up a succession of home runs and baseball awards alike. But in 2005 his tell-all book Juiced: Wild Times, Rampant 'Roids, Smash Hits & How Baseball Got Big, outed himself and a succession of other athletes for taking performance-enhancing steroids. At its peak, he claims 85% of major league players were using.

Diego Maradona

Regardless of how you feel about that questionable moment on the world stage(Maradona’s Hand of God), Maradona was a great if troubled player. His long-standing cocaine addiction qualified as a stimulant and interfered with his ability to play football, causing him to fail drugs tests and eventually succumb to severe health issues. But still, Maradona's fanboy following persists, with boys being named after him in Brazil – including one Diego Costa.

Marion Jones & BALCO

This world champion American track-and-fielder achieved stardom in the USA by winning 3 gold medals at the 2000 summer Olympics in Sydney. But she was stripped of these after testing positive to steroid use, traced back to the Bay Area Laboratory Co-operative. BALCO supplied performance enhancers to a number of athletes over the years, including the NFL's Bill Romanowski.

Tyson Gay

Tyson Gay is tied for the title of the Second Fastest Man Alive. The magnitude of this only serves to make the impact of his positive test for a banned substance even worse. Stripped of his silver medals and suspended for two years, Gay came back to win the Prefontaine Classic event in Oregon. But the problem with doping is that it's a scar on an athlete's reputation that never goes away, and fans will always be in doubt about the legitimacy of Gay's speed.

Russia

At least 119 Russian athletes had been banned from the 2016 Rio Olympic Games. That tally includes the country's entire weightlifting team, all but one member of the track-and-field team, and some athletes in other sports as well.

Kaspars Kambala

The basketball player was suspended immediately according to the FIBA Internal Regulations governing Doping Control. Kambala had been in treatment for a waist injury in the United States before, he said in a statement. I used some medication that my doctor in the United States prescribed for me. Probably a substance in those medications caused a false positive result.’

Disadvantages of the uses of doping in the sport

Performance-enhancing drugs may hinder athletic performance. According to the Mayo Clinic, drugs that contain diuretics--substances that flush fluid from the body--may cause muscle cramping, exhaustion, dizziness and dehydration during or between athletic activities. Drugs containing stimulants, such as ephedrine and caffeine, may cause nervousness and sleep problems. Steroid use may trigger depression--a condition characterized by sadness, reduced motivation and purposelessness. This may also reduce athletic ability or desire to participate in sports. Steroids used to enhance athletic performance may cause appearance changes in men and women. Women may develop excessive body hair. Men and women may experience baldness and/or develop severe acne, according to the U.S. Department of Justice Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA). In general, men may appear more feminine and women may appear more masculine, because steroids replicate and affect sexual hormones.

 

 

Drugs in sport

 

    On a warm September afternoon me and my schoolmates went to our schools big white hall to listen to a lecture about drug use in sport and how it affects the athlete lives more than you could even imagine.

    The lecture started with an introduction from the lecturer. She told us a little bit about herself and how she got here, in front of us, teaching about this stuff. She started with a presentation about the basics of this topic. She taught us a little about the different ways doping drugs can be taken and for what aims they are used the most. 

    Then the lecture continued with a short film about someone called Heidi Krieger. A German athlete who was very good at all sorts of sports even in her childhood. Her trainers noticed that and she was introduced to a number of different athletic events. She was good, but because of the sort of government that led Germany at that time (the Berlin wall was still standing) they were really hard on her, and because of that she was never good enough. It all led to the fact that she was started to give doping drugs to improve her athletic performance. This changed her body biology and she is now Andreas Krieger. The drugs made her a man.

    This lecture really opened my eyes and showed me the real effects of these drugs. It's really horrifying but at the same time very interesting how all of this works. I hope that all of my classmates and schoolmates got the same message from this lecture.

 

 

 

 

 

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Dwain Chambers
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KASPARS KAMBALA

 

Kaspars Kambala was born on 13 December, 1978, in Riga. He is a Latvian professional athlete – basketball player and former boxer. He plays as power forward and in centre positions, the member of Latvia’s national basketball team. Currently he is representing Northern Nicosia club YDU SK.

For basketball he started training in Latvia, but when he turned 17 years old, he started to train in the USA. From 1995 to 1997 he studied at Homestead’s University and also played in Homestead’s basketball team, but from 1997 to 2001 at Nevada’s University. After graduating the university Kambala played in many basketball clubs like Istambul "Efes Pilsen", Madrid "Real", Kazana UNICS and Istambul "Fenerbahçe".

On 27th April, 2007 FIBA disqualified him for 14 months, after they found out that Kambala was using cocaine. In August this ineligibility period was extended to 24 months. In 2007 Kambala started to train in box and on 11th January he debuted in professional boxing. The fight against Alvaro Morales ended up with a drawn. Kambala also won the next three fights, two of them even by knockout. Few months later he announced that he is quitting box and is getting ready to return to basketball.

Kambala returned to play basketball at the beginning of season 2008/2009, when he trained with Riga VEF, later he also joined another basketball club from Riga — ASK. On 13 December 2008 his disqualification ended and he resumed his career.

Kambala does not want to talk about his relationship with doping. He was using cocaine without realizing the consequences. Only after the disqualification he understood, at what level he was playing and how serious this offense was. He used doping because of ''Stellar disease'' and because of his confidence that no one will check him. On learning of the test results, Kambala understood that he had lost everything he had achieved and the fact that he would have to go another way.

 

In our opinion, the main conditions of the high results are still optimal training, balanced diet and adequate rest. Using doping helps improve results just for a short time period. Athletes who use doping will not be able to produce great results in the long term and may be forced to stop their career forever, perhaps, being in ill-health or by getting an injury. We are for honest athletes who get results in a fair fight and not athletes who are using any substances to improve their results, by damaging their health and ignoring the principles of fair sport.


Maria Sharapova

 

Maria Sharapova was born on April 19, 1987, in Nyagan, Russia. She started playing tennis at an early age and turned professional at the age of 14.

The young Maria picked up her first racket on the courts of the small resort town and returned here today to visit the place where it all began. As part of a court dedication ceremony in her honour, Maria, along with the help of local girls from the Evgeniy Kafelnikov Tennis Academy, reopened the court for play and spoke passionately about her early career, what the court means to her and what it means to be back home in Sochi for the Winter Olympics.

In 2007, a shoulder injury sidelined Sharapova and contributed to a series of losses, but she was still ranked among the top 5 women’s tennis players at the end of the year. Her shoulder injury continued to plague her game, sidelining her in 2008. In 2009, Sharapova had surgery to repair the injury and after a year of rehabilitation and a string of losses, she started to make a comeback in 2011 when she finished the year ranked 4, her first top 5 finish since 2007.

In June 2012, Sharapova defeated Sara Errani in the Women’s French Open, becoming the 10th woman to complete a career Grand Slam, winning all four major tennis tournaments.

At the 2012 Summer Olympic Games—Sharapova’s Olympic debut—she won a silver medal in women’s singles, losing the gold to American tennis star Serena Williams. Sharapova came in second to Williams the following year at the French Open. She lost the singles titles to Williams in the finals. That June, Sharapova made a less-than-impressive showing at Wimbledon. She only made it as far as the second round of competition.

“The Olympics is one of the most important times in an athlete’s career,” said Maria Sharapova. “I can’t wait to see all the athletes take their game to the next level, especially in sub-zero temperatures. I’m looking forward to the start of the tournament and wish the best of luck to the Russian athletes. Now it is their time to show the world how to Play Russian.”

Off the court, Sharapova’s beauty and popular appeal have led to major commercial endorsements with companies including Nike and Tiffany & Co. Sharapova began a relationship with a Slovenian professional basketball player Sasha Vujacic in 2009. After a year of dating, the couple announced that they were engaged in October 2010. During a post-match conference at the 2012 U.S. Open, she announced that the engagement was off and that her relationship with Vujacic had ended.

As the world’s eyes turned to Sochi in 2014, Sharapova was excited for the action to start in her homeland. Having represented Russia in London Summer Olympics in 2010, she has experienced first-hand how incredible it is to compete on such a global stage.

 

Doping involvement and consequences of her actions

 

On March 7, 2016, Sharapova revealed that she had failed a drug test at the 2016 Australian Open, which she described as the result of an oversight. Sharapova admitted to testing positive for meldonium, an anti-ischemic drug usually prescribed for heart conditions, that was added to the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA)'s banned substances list on January 1, 2016. Sharapova was provisionally suspended by the International Tennis Federation (ITF) from playing tennis with effect from March 12, 2016. She later released a statement regarding the test and explaining her use of the medicine:

"I received a letter from the ITF that I failed a drugs test at the Australian Open. I take full responsibility for it. For the past ten years I have been given a medicine called mildronate by my family doctor and a few days ago after I received the ITF letter I found out that it also has another name of meldonium which I did not know. It is very important for you to understand that for ten years this medicine was not on WADA's banned list and I had legally been taking the medicine for the past ten years. But on January 1st [2016] the rules had changed and meldonium became a prohibited substance which I had not known. I was given this medicine by my doctor for several health issues that I was having in 2006".

Meldonium is not licensed in the United States, Sharapova's country of residence, however it is used legally in Russia, the country that Sharapova represents in tennis. The drug's inventor Ivars Kalviņš said that he didn't think taking it should be considered as "doping", but he also said that it "optimises the use of oxygen". Don Catlin, a long-time anti-doping expert and the scientific director of the Banned Substances Control Group (BSCG) stated that “There’s really no evidence that there’s any performance enhancement from meldonium – Zero percent.”

 

Comment by our group

           

Our group thinks that Maria Sharapova truly regrets her actions for doping involvement. She also underlines that the drug was prescribed by her doctor for her health, and she did not know about US rules about meldonium.

 

 

 

 

 

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Anti-doping Slogans

  • Don’t play dirty
  • Be honest to yourself and don’t use doping
  • Don’t be afraid of yourself
  • Believe in yourself and be honest
  • It’s going to be a colourful day without doping as well
  • Doping makes you a woman (male students’ idea)
  • You are only cheating yourself
  • Play fare and overcome fear
  • Be healthy and win
  • What did you achieve with it? What did you prove with it? 
  • Don’t use doping because doping uses you 

MODULE VI


PHYSICAL ACTIVITY PYRAMID

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PHYSICAL ACTIVITY PYRAMID
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MODULE VII


S.M.I.L.E. BAUSKA LATVIA


LECTURE - healthy lifestyle

Healthy lifestyle

Made by Anija Anna
Our idea of the logo



Sport activities


Meeting in Europe Direct information centre (Jelgava, Latvia)

The leader of the Europe Direct Information Centre in Jelgava informs students of Bauska State Gymnasium Forms 10 B and 10 C about the history and activities of the centre. Various booklets have been published by the centre about its work in Jelgava. The workers of the centre provide information, organize events devoted to the EU and also practical activities such as planting of trees, presenting balloons to children and cleaning small rivers.

10-form students are active answering the questions about members of the EU and take part in discussion about language diversity and benefits Latvia gained during its presidency.

The students are informed about the opportunity to take European exam. Both the classes divide into groups and fill in the quiz about the EU.

Kristine Kode who is the leader of the work with young people in Jelgava district tells about opprtunities to join various projects and about cooperation with Bauska district. She encourages the young people from Bauska to show initiative organising and getting involved in different activities, as well as in collaboration. 

At the end of the meeting the winners of the quiz are announced and students receive presents. It turns out that boys are more knowledgeable than girls.

 

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